Iron deficiency anaemia
Anaemia is a condition in which the blood is deficient in red blood cells or haemoglobin – the iron-containing portion of red blood cells (RBCs). The main function of RBCs is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body in exchange for carbon dioxide. The symptoms of anaemia, such as extreme fatigue, poor concentration and dizzy spells, reflect a lack of oxygen being delivered to tissues and a build-up of carbon dioxide. Anaemia caused by inadequate RBC production is almost always due to nutrient deficiency.
The three most common are due to deficiencies of iron, vitamin B12, or folic acid. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anaemia and is due to insufficient iron intake and/or absorption, and also as a result of significant blood loss. If you suspect you have this condition you must see your doctor or consult a specialist followed by nutritional supplements of iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid if suggested.